The Jewish people have had a huge effect on society while nearly always being in a minority. This section deals with the history of the Jewish people from after the history as told in the Torah up to just before the creation of the State of Israel, a period spanning thousands of years. Because of this huge timescale, it is impossible to cover every single aspect of the history, but the most important events are mentioned in the following documents:

- The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel
- Judah Under Roman Rule
- The Post-Roman Era
- The Golden Age of Spain
- Life in Eastern Europe
- The Holocaust